Earthquake with magnitude of ML 2.9 on date 04-04-2020 and time 16:37:05 (UTC) in region Stretto di Messina (Reggio di Calabria, Messina)

A magnitude ML 2.9 earthquake occured in region: Stretto di Messina (Reggio di Calabria, Messina), on

  • 04-04-2020 16:37:05 (UTC)
  • 04-04-2020 18:37:05 (UTC +02:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 37.93, 15.67 at 31 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Sala Sismica INGV-Roma.

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

Distances are determinated based on the geographic coordintes of the (Istat).
Municipality Region Dist Inh Cum Inh
Motta San Giovanni RC 8 6208 6208
Roghudi RC 9 1104 7312
Montebello Ionico RC 10 6214 13526
Melito di Porto Salvo RC 10 11355 24881
Bagaladi RC 17 1039 25920
San Lorenzo RC 17 2640 28560
Condofuri RC 19 5113 33673
Cardeto RC 19 1641 35314
Reggio di Calabria RC 20 183035 218349

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
20 Km S of Reggio di Calabria (183035 inhabitants)
31 Km SE of Messina (238439 inhabitants)
57 Km NE of Acireale (52622 inhabitants)
70 Km NE of Catania (314555 inhabitants)
Recent and historical Seismicity

These maps show the seismicity for different time windows. The earthquake locations reported in these maps are determined in quasi real-time by the personnel on duty in the seismic surveillance center of INGV in Rome. Note that the earthquake source parameters (hypocentral location and magnitude) are the best estimates obstained with the available data and they are adjourned as additional data become available. The source parameters obtained by the personnel on duty are then revised by the group in charge of the INGV Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV).

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

This map reports the earthquake epicenters located in the past 72 hours (3 days) from the time this page has been generated. The radius of the circle representing the earthquake on the map scales with magnitude. The color depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the last 90 days

Earthquakes of the last 90 days

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 1.0 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1985

Earthquakes since 1985

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 2.5 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version with estimated magnitude ≥ 5.0 since 1000 AD until 2014. The epicenters are represented by squares which sides scale with the estimated earthquake magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard

Seismic hazard maps provide probabilistic estimates of the earthquake ground shaking exceeding a given threshold in a given geographic region within a given time window. Thus, it is not a deterministic prediction - a target that may be never reached given the complexity of the earthquake physical phenomenon - nor of the maximum expected earthquake since this has extremely low probabilities to occur.

In 2004, it was published the seismic hazard map of Italy ( that provides a picture of the most hazardous geographic regions. The seismic hazard map of Italy (GdL MPS, 2004; rif. Ordinanza PCM del 28 aprile 2006, n. 3519, All. 1b) provides the 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years of the horizontal acceleration at rock sites (i.e., Vs30>800 m/s; cat. A, 3.2.1 of the D.M. 14.09.2005).

The colours indicate the various values of the ground acceleration that have 10% to be exceeded within 50 years. In general, the colours associated to low values of acceleration refer to areas that are less hazardous and stronger earthquakes repeat less frequently although they may still occur.

Seismic hazard map

Seismic hazard map

This map shows the seismic hazard map of Italy for the region where the earthquake occurred.
Felt maps
The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

This map shows the distribution of the effects of the earthquake on the territory in terms of the MCS (Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg) intensity scale. The intensities are determined using the data provided in the questionnaire ( that are analysed using robust statistical techniques since they are not verified individually. Specifically, the assignment of MCS intensities greater or equal the VI degree of the MCS scale require opportune in situ verification by professional experts. The purple start shows the epicenter. This map is prepared every so often that the population fill in new questionnaires. The number of questionnaires used to determine the map and the date and time of the last adjournment are shown in the upper right part of the panel.
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
Rev 100 ML 2.9 2020-04-04
37.93 15.67 31 2020-04-04
Sala Sismica INGV-Roma 77886851
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information


Field Value
Time (UTC) 2020-04-04 16:37:05 ± 0.1
Latitude 37.93 ± 0.01
Longitude 15.67 ± 0.01
Depth (km) 31 ± 1 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 100 -> SURVEY-INGV
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 77886851


Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description uncertainty ellipse
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 782
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 174
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi) 152
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 780
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68


Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree) 147
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 50
Number of defining phases 26
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec) 0.15
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree) 0
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree) 1.20239
Number of stations at which the event was observed 44
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 21
Magnitude information


Field Value
Value 2.9
Uncertainty 0.3
Num. used stations 58
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 77886851
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Sismica INGV-Roma
Time of creation (UTC) 2020-04-04 16:51:42
Picking and Arrival
SCNL Time Uncertainty Polarity Evaluation_mode Phase Azimuth Distance Takeoff_angle Residual Weight
IV.ROSPO.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:54.68 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -4.08 0
TV.SF01.EHZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:48.73 3.0 undecidable manual Pg 18.860001 0
IV.MAON.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:47.19 3.0 undecidable manual Pg 18.9 0
OT.OT05.EHZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:47.23 3.0 undecidable manual Sn 3.44 0
IV.MOMA.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:35.08 3.0 undecidable manual Pg 10.5 0
IV.SMA1.EHZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:28.25 3.0 positive manual Pg 9.04 0
IV.NOCI.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:28.18 3.0 undecidable manual Sn 0.61 0
IV.SGO.HNZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:17.92 3.0 undecidable manual Sn 0.6 0
IV.PZUN.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:15.38 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -3.74 0
IV.MSAG.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:38:03.27 3.0 negative manual Pn 1.06 0
IV.MRVN.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:54.41 3.0 negative manual Pn 0.81 0
IV.CAFE.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:52.22 3.0 negative manual Pn -0.77 0
IV.AMUR.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:52.53 3.0 negative manual Pn 0.18 0
IV.NOCI.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:51.60 3.0 negative manual Pn -0.7 0
IV.PTRP.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:50.04 3.0 negative manual Pg 3.96 0
OT.TAR1.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:49.02 3.0 positive manual Pn -0.94 0
GE.MATE.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:49.50 3.0 positive manual Pn 0.27 0
IV.MCEL.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:44.29 3.0 positive manual Pn 1.13 0
IV.CMPR.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:43.85 3.0 negative manual Pn 0.61 0
IV.SIRI.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:41.38 3.0 negative manual Pn 0.13 0
IV.MGR.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:40.70 3.0 negative manual Pn 0.13 0
IV.SCIAR.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:32.43 3.0 negative manual Pn 0.88 0
IV.CET2.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:32.30 3.0 positive manual Pn -0.15 0
IV.CSLB.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:28.87 3.0 positive manual Pn 0.67 0
IV.PLLN.EHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:27.48 1.0 undecidable manual P 273 1.2024 54 0.34 19
IV.MSFR.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:22.31 0.3 negative manual P 277 0.8535 104 0.19 66
IV.PLAC.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:21.32 0.1 negative manual P 49 0.795 105 0.17 89
IV.HAGA.HHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:20.03 1.0 undecidable manual P 212 0.7644 105 -0.62 20
IV.ILLI.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:20.55 0.1 undecidable manual P 312 0.7626 105 -0.06 91
IV.SOI.EHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:20.02 0.6 undecidable manual S 65 0.3354 125 0.11 49
IV.IVPL.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:19.45 0.1 negative manual P 310 0.6988 107 -0.11 91
IV.SICLA.EHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:19.93 1.0 undecidable manual S 7 0.3247 126 0.26 24
IV.JOPP.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:19.35 0.1 negative manual P 14 0.6943 107 -0.14 91
IV.FERC.HNZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:18.54 0.6 undecidable manual P 35 0.6322 109 0.05 47
IV.ENIC.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:18.01 1.0 undecidable manual P 240 0.5927 110 0.16 23
IV.GMB.BHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:18.68 0.6 undecidable manual S 28 0.2671 132 0.35 48
IV.EVRN.HNE. 2020-04-04T16:37:16.42 1.0 undecidable manual P 240 0.4856 115 0.27 23
IV.EPIT.HHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:16.76 1.0 undecidable manual P 256 0.4973 114 0.43 22
IV.MILZ.HHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:16.04 0.6 undecidable manual P 315 0.4811 115 -0.05 48
IT.RCU.HGZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:16.83 0.3 undecidable manual S 360 0.188 143 0.07 78
IV.MTTG.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:15.20 0.3 undecidable manual S 20 0.0746 164 -0.03 79
IV.ECTS.HHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:15.70 0.6 undecidable manual P 263 0.4344 118 0.34 46
MN.CEL.HHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:14.35 0.6 undecidable manual P 29 0.3723 122 -0.09 49
IV.AIO.HHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:14.10 0.1 undecidable manual P 276 0.3444 124 0.05 100
IV.GMB.BHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:13.03 0.3 undecidable manual P 28 0.2671 132 0.03 76
IV.SOI.EHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:13.79 0.6 undecidable manual P 65 0.3354 125 -0.13 50
IV.MSRU.HHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:13.96 1.0 undecidable manual P 339 0.3534 124 -0.21 24
IV.SICLA.EHE. 2020-04-04T16:37:13.56 0.6 undecidable manual P 7 0.3247 126 -0.22 48
IT.RCU.HGZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:11.89 0.1 undecidable manual P 360 0.188 143 -0.2 100
IV.MTTG.HHZ. 2020-04-04T16:37:11.00 0.3 undecidable manual P 20 0.0746 164 -0.21 76
Station Magnitude and Amplitude
SCNL mag Generic_amplitude Period Type Category Unit Time_window_reference
IV.ENIC.HHE. ML:3.2 0.002779321 0.2688 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:32.29
IV.ENIC.HHN. ML:3.2 0.0022807655 0.1792 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:31.87
IV.ENIC.HNE. ML:3.3 0.003207692 0.2304 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:32.18
IV.ENIC.HNN. ML:3.2 0.002877078 0.32 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:30.01
IV.JOPP.HHE. ML:2.8 0.00091192095 0.3712 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:31.58
IV.JOPP.HHN. ML:2.7 0.00073889855 0.256 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:32.14
IV.IVPL.HHE. ML:3.2 0.0019413175 0.4352 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:38.32
IV.IVPL.HHN. ML:3.1 0.001713745 0.448 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:32.20
IV.ILLI.HHE. ML:3.7 0.005606706 0.2816 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:40.12
IV.ILLI.HHN. ML:3.9 0.009704177 0.6912 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:41.29
IV.PLAC.HHE. ML:2.8 0.0007771213 0.5504 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:41.98
IV.PLAC.HHN. ML:2.9 0.00080516685 0.64 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:38.89
IV.PLAC.HNE. ML:2.8 0.0007919649 0.5888 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:39.21
IV.PLAC.HNN. ML:2.8 0.0007518862 0.576 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:41.00
IV.MSFR.HHE. ML:2.4 0.0002449353 0.5632 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:40.37
IV.MSFR.HHN. ML:2.4 0.0002244157 0.3584 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:38.43
IV.PLLN.EHE. ML:2.9 0.00052758165 0.5376 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:47.69
IV.PLLN.EHN. ML:3 0.0006426546 0.576 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:55.67
IV.CSLB.HHE. ML:2.2 7.995848E-5 0.7808 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:50.49
IV.CSLB.HHN. ML:2.3 0.00011863507 0.64 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:56.45
IV.CET2.HHE. ML:2.9 0.0003107702 0.3456 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:53.73
IV.CET2.HHN. ML:3.2 0.00057330855 0.4096 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:54.16
IV.SCIAR.HHE. ML:2.7 0.0001911773 0.8832 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:45.00
IV.SCIAR.HHN. ML:2.8 0.0002487276 0.5632 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:39.39
IV.SCIAR.HNE. ML:2.6 0.00016670632 0.5248 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:39.78
IV.SCIAR.HNN. ML:2.8 0.00023824735 0.7296 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:16.79
IV.MGR.HHE. ML:2.6 7.880178E-5 0.4352 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:10.32
IV.MGR.HHN. ML:2.6 7.024467E-5 0.6528 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:13.82
IV.MGR.HNE. ML:3.4 0.0005529854 1.1776 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:31.08
IV.MGR.HNN. ML:3.5 0.00061531925 1.1776 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:31.08
IV.SIRI.HHE. ML:2.8 0.0001280856 0.2816 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:11.80
IV.SIRI.HHN. ML:2.7 9.060546E-5 0.2816 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:13.32
IV.SIRI.HNE. ML:2.8 0.000127258715 0.5376 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:11.36
IV.SIRI.HNN. ML:2.7 9.2238195E-5 0.3584 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:11.78
IV.CMPR.HHE. ML:2.6 6.5309915E-5 0.3712 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:18.25
IV.CMPR.HHN. ML:2.5 4.968661E-5 0.4992 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:37:51.15
IV.MCEL.HHE. ML:2.6 6.97679E-5 1.4976 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:43.34
IV.MCEL.HHN. ML:2.6 5.9386665E-5 0.6912 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:31.30
IV.MCEL.HNE. ML:2.6 6.9147865E-5 0.5888 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:16.35
IV.MCEL.HNN. ML:2.7 7.816764E-5 1.3184 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:30.08
OT.TAR1.HHE. ML:3 9.317435E-5 1.5104 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:15.54
OT.TAR1.HHN. ML:3.1 0.00013775805 1.92 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:53.11
GE.MATE.HHE. ML:2.8 7.419485E-5 1.2416 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:47.27
GE.MATE.HHN. ML:2.8 6.6747085E-5 0.8192 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:13.49
IV.NOCI.HHE. ML:3 7.9079195E-5 0.8704 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:49.52
IV.NOCI.HHN. ML:3.2 0.00015886595 1.2544 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:50.96
IV.CAFE.HNE. ML:3.5 0.00024255896 1.152 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:17.22
IV.CAFE.HNN. ML:3.3 0.00016689485 0.6016 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:26.07
IV.CAFE.HHE. ML:3 8.667651E-5 1.1776 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:17.21
IV.CAFE.HHN. ML:3 8.185422E-5 1.216 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:31.39
IV.AMUR.HHE. ML:2.8 6.0782475E-5 0.9856 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:16.92
IV.AMUR.HHN. ML:3 8.311027E-5 1.1648 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:14.84
IV.MRVN.HHE. ML:2.7 4.446492E-5 1.6128 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:39:03.46
IV.MRVN.HHN. ML:2.8 5.2463625E-5 1.344 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:51.80
IV.MSAG.HHE. ML:3.2 7.3445705E-5 1.7152 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:39.95
IV.MSAG.HHN. ML:3 5.4742195E-5 1.1136 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:30.30
IV.MSAG.HNE. ML:3.6 0.0001805394 1.6896 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:39.96
IV.MSAG.HNN. ML:3.6 0.000184251525 1.0624 AML other m 2020-04-04T16:38:56.05
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Focal Mechanism in the area
Focal Mechanisms

Focal Mechanisms

This map reports the focal mechanisms since 1977 in the region. The white and red beach ball symbols are mechanisms determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor (RCMT, and are determined for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when there is a good source-receiver geometry of the target earthquake, the RCMT can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.0. The blue and white beach ball symbols indicate the mechanisms obtained from application of the Time Domain Moment Tensor (TDMT, This technique is used for M ≥ 3.5. The size of the beach ball sysmbol scales with the calculated moment magnitude, Mw.
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in full SEED format Download